Windows 8 codenamed as Midori, a part of the Windows NT family is a personal computer operating software which is designed and produced by Microsoft. Windows 8 is the first touch-focused Windows Operating System which features major user interface changes over its predecessors. Windows 8 was released to manufacturing on 1st August 2012 and was made publically available on 26th October 2012.
This version of windows has some of the major changes which Microsoft has made to their operating system since the release of Windows 95. Windows 8 is preceded by Windows 7 and succeeded by Windows 10, which is currently the most recent version of Windows available. Windows 8 features new programming and technology that makes it faster and smoother than its ancestors. It has a more refined and more streamlined look and feels to it.
There are four available editions of Windows 8:-
- Windows 8.1 Pro
- Windows 8.1
- Windows 8.1 Enterprise
- Windows RT 8.1
Windows 8.1 and Windows 8.1 Pro are the only two edition of the rest which is sold directly to the customer. The Windows 8.1 Enterprise is the edition which is intended for the use of the larger organizations. Windows 8 and 8.1 are no longer sold but it may be available online.
Windows 8 System Requirements:-
- CPU:- 1 GHz processor with NX,PAE, and SSE2 or (x86) 32 bit or (x64) 64 bit and SLAT Support for Hyper-V
- RAM:- IA-32 edition: 1 GB of RAM for the 32-bit version and 2 GB of RAM for the 64-bit version or 4GB as per recommendation
- Memory:- IA-32 edition: 16 GB of free hard drive space for 32 bit and 20 GB free hard drive space for the 64-bit version (x64 edition)
- Graphics:- A GPU which supports at least DirectX 9 graphics with WDDM 1.0 driver or more
- Optical DVD drive support- In case you are planning to install the software using DVD media
Several notable features have been removed in Windows 8, like support for DVD Video playback was removed, Windows Media Center is not included in Windows 8. These features could still be enjoyed with the purchase of Pro Pack with which both the features are provided with the DVD player software which can be used to enable the DVD playback.
After the release of Windows 8, the reaction towards the performance improvements, security enhancements and improved support for touch devices received a positive response although the all-new interface of the operating system was widely criticized for being very confusing and difficult to learn and understand especially when used on the computer rather than on a touch screen device. Even after this mixed critical reception, about 60 million Windows license were sold through January 2013. The official support for Windows 8 RTM ended on January 12th, 2016 as per Microsoft lifecycle policies regarding the service packs. This means Windows 8.1 is needed to be installed to maintain the support and to receive further news and updates.